The only asset class that helps people rebuild after natural disasters

A core reason that insurance-linked securities (ILS), such as catastrophe bonds and other reinsurance linked investments, are considered as socially responsible investments by many allocators is the fact they deploy their capital into natural disaster recovery and rebuilding.

While ESG, environment, social and governance factors, are now seen as becoming critical for insurance-linked securities (ILS) strategies future popularity, the truth is that at least the S (social) aspect of ESG has been firmly embedded in the majority of ILS right from the start.

We first wrote about the importance of ESG for the catastrophe bond and broader ILS market back in 2009, when for the first time we learned of a pension fund citing ESG as an important criteria for its consideration of investing in a cat bond fund.

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参数化主权巨灾债券是“一带一路”的保险方式

通过与“一带一路”倡议相关的项目获得中国投资的中亚和东欧国家,应使用参数化主权巨灾债券来确保自身免受自然灾害的风险。

这是保险连结证券(ILS)和主权风险转移专家基里尔·萨符拉索夫(Kirill Savrassov)的观点。

萨夫拉索夫指出:《中国的“一带一路”倡议对中亚和东欧的全面保护方案提出了更高的要求》。

《中国将数百亿美元投入了该地区的基础设施建设,但实际上,其中连一个项目也没适当地投保物理伤害的险,尽管该地区面临着地震和其他自然灾害的高风险》。

在乌兹别克斯坦,哈萨克斯坦或塔吉克斯坦等国家,问题不是地震是否要发生,而是何时要发生,并且其毁灭力量多大。

自然灾害会破坏中国通过“一带一路”倡议帮助该地区发展的许多基础设施项目。如果建造后这种项目因地震而摧毁,那么东道国仍将欠缴中国的贷款,但是不会从基础设施投资中获取收益。

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Industry-loss warranty (ILW) market softens YoY as capacity rises

Following conversations with a number of market sources, it seems that the market for industry-loss warranty (ILW) protection has softened year-on-year, following on the heels of the catastrophe bond market as capacity turns its attention to ILW’s in the run up to the renewals.

Just the other day we explained that indicative pricing for industry-loss warranties (ILW’s) has jumped higher year-on-year, but it turns out this is just broker pricing sheets catching up to more realistic pricing levels after many had been indicating rates that were far too low a year ago.

That caused a number of contacts in the ILW capacity providing and broking market to reach out, to provide some colour on where pricing actually sits in 2021.

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Pacific Alliance hopes to expand cat bond to cover cyclones, floods, droughts

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The Pacific Alliance, a Latin American trade bloc made up of Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru, would like to expand on the coverage provided by their catastrophe bonds, with hydro-meteorological risks including tropical cyclones, drought, floods and even cold weather all mooted as potential perils to include.

The Ministries of Finance of the Pacific Alliance members met in late 2020 to discuss next steps in their disaster risk financing and catastrophe bond journey.

The Pacific Alliance trade bloc nations in Latin America currently benefit from a combined $1.36 billion of catastrophe bond backed earthquake insurance protection, in a landmark multi-country cat bond issuance brought to market in early 2018.

Catastrophe protection gap needs capital market support: Bernardino, EIOPA

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Gabriel Bernardino, the soon to retire Chairman of the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA), has highlighted the capital markets role in delivering catastrophe insurance that has fewer protection gaps.

In an interview with Brink News, Bernardino explained the need for multi-peril catastrophe insurance and reinsurance coverage that protects against the uncovered portion of risks, such as non-damage business interruption related to a pandemic or other peril, just as much as physical property damage.

“I think there is a clear recognition from all parties, that the current situation — when we look at the coverage of business interruption — is far from optimal. It creates risks for the companies and reputational risks for the insurance market,” Bernardino explained.

Jamaica: World Bank cat bond still underway. Gets CCRIF rainfall payout for Zeta & Eta

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Jamaica continues to work with the World Bank on a first catastrophe bond for the country the Finance Ministry has said and reflecting the importance of disaster risk financing, in recent weeks it has received a roughly $3.5 million payout under its parametric CCRIF insurance coverage.

The payout comes after the torrential rainfall from tropical cyclones Zeta and Eta impacted the Caribbean island nation triggered the parametric excess rainfall protection that Jamaica has.

The CCRIF SPC (formerly known as the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility) provides excess rainfall parametric insurance coverage, as well as parametric risk transfer for peak perils such as hurricanes and earthquakes.

Mexico’s cat bond coverage continues, despite shuttering of FONDEN

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Mexico’s still in-force $485 million IBRD / FONDEN 2020  catastrophe bond will continue to provide the country with important disaster insurance protection, as the beneficiary of the cover has been shifted away from the shuttered FONDEN disaster fund to the country’s Treasury.

We’re told that a notification has been sent to investors in and holders of the World Bank issued Mexican catastrophe bond, to explain that the coverage it provides will continue uninterrupted, despite Mexico’s Fund for Natural Disasters (El Fondo de Desastres Naturales), more commonly known as FONDEN, having been dismantled.

As we reported last October, FONDEN was set to be dismantled after Mexico’s lawmakers in the senate voted to reform that area of public funding.

World Bank supports Central Asia Multi-Peril Risk Assessment

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Central Asian countries will benefit from a better understanding of their natural disaster risks, which in time could lead to greater use of risk transfer, insurance and reinsurance capacity in the region, as the World Bank supports a multi-peril risk assessment project for the region.

One of the first steps in moving towards sovereign disaster risk transfer, such as use of insurance, reinsurance or catastrophe bond type arrangements, tends to be in the development of risk modelling tools to enhance the understanding of exposures in a country.

To that end, the World Bank, alongside its partners, has launched an initiative to provide a multi-peril risk assessment of natural disaster risks, including earthquakes, floods and selected landslides within the Central Asia region.

Indonesia cat bond possible, as World Bank lends for disaster insurance

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The World Bank has approved $500 million of funding for Indonesia to help the country enhance its financial response to natural disasters, climate risks, and health-related shocks, with the use of risk pooling, and insurance or reinsurance instruments at the heart of the plan.

Between 2014 and 2018, the central government of Indonesia has spent between US$90 million and US$500 million annually on disaster response and recovery, the World Bank explained, while Indonesia’s local governments spent an estimated additional $250 million over the same period.

With the cost of natural disasters and severe weather events expected to keep increasing further due to climate change and also urban growth, the World Bank notes that these costs will pressure Indonesia’s government public spending.

Tre Hapa për të Ndihmuar Shqipërinë për të Përballuar Ndikimet Financiare të Shkaktuara nga Fatkeqësitë dhe Krizat

PUBLIKIMI I PLOT ORIGJINAL KTU

Në vitin 2019, Shqipëria u përball me një seri tërmetesh, ndër të cilët edhe një me magnitudë të lartë; më pas, mes përpjekjeve për rindërtim në vitin 2020, u godit edhe nga pandemia COVID-19. E përballur me nevojat e shumta në rritje, mbështetja e qeverisë shqiptare shkoi për të varfërit dhe personat e prekur nga fatkeqësitë dhe krizat, përfshirë këtu edhe bizneset. Për ta realizuar këtë, ajo shfrytëzoi rezervat fiskale, rishpërndau buxhetet për përparësitë urgjente dhe u mbështet tek ndihma e jashtme. Shumë nga këto masa u ndërmorën në bazë të nevojës.

Në shtator 2020, Banka Botërore së bashku me Ministrinë e Financave dhe Ekonomisë,  kreu vlerësimin diagnostikues në lidhje me financimin e riskut të fatkeqësive në Shqipëri.[1] Kjo përpjekje kishte për qëllim identifikimin e mangësive të financimit të mekanizmave për gatishmërinë financiare të vendit në rast fatkeqësish dhe rekomandimin e mënyrave për përmirësimin e tyre.

Menaxhimi i riskut të fatkeqësive është ndër përparësitë kryesore të politikave në Republikën e Shqipërisë dhe, pak kohë para tërmetit, qeveria shqiptare kreu edhe një seri reformash në këtë drejtim, si për shembull: miratimi i Ligjit të ri për Mbrojtjen Civile, racionalizimi i kornizave institucionale, decentralizimi i funksioneve që aktivizohen pas fatkeqësive dhe vënia në dispozicion e strukturave të nevojshme për fondet e emergjencës në nivel vendor dhe në nivel ministrie të linjës.