More & better “catastrophe-triggered” instruments needed: UN Sec-Gen Guterres

United Nations (UN) Secretary General António Guterres has again said that the world needs more catastrophe-triggered financing and better instruments to support the delivery of climate financing, to enhance disaster resilience, fund adaptation measures and finance climate risk.

Speaking today at the Insurance Development Forum’s (IDF) Summit 2021, UN Secretary General Guterres explained the important roles of the insurance sector (within which we’d include reinsurance and insurance-linked securities (ILS) of course) in adapting to a rapidly changing climate and the race to transition to net zero emissions by 2050.

With more than $35 trillion dollars of assets under management in the global insurance and reinsurance industry, Guterres said, “I encourage the insurance industry to align its portfolios and investments with net zero by 2050.

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Generali targets EUR200m Lion III Re “green cat bond”

Italian and global insurance giant Assicurazioni Generali S.p.A. is back in the catastrophe bond market with its fourth issuance, a EUR 200 million Lion III Re DAC cat bond through which it is seeking collateralized catastrophe reinsurance while adding “green” features to a cat bond issue.

It’s Assicurazioni Generali’s first cat bond issuance since 2017, it’s fourth in total, and marks a renewal of that also EUR 200 million Lion II Re DAC deal, although covering fewer perils as European flood coverage has been dropped for this new iteration of the Lion catastrophe bond.

It’s also the first cat bond from the insurer, in fact the first cat bond we’ve listed, to have a number of specific green credentials, as Generali looks to bring greater sustainability to cat bond issues, to make the resulting investment more ESG appropriate for investors.

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Secondary cat bond trading rises as $3.3bn May issuance drives portfolio changes

The volume of catastrophe bond notes traded on the secondary market rose again in May 2021, as insurance-linked securities (ILS) fund managers and cat bond investors adjusted their portfolios to accept the strong almost $3.3 billion of primary issuance seen during the month.

May 2021 saw the highest level of primary issuance of catastrophe bonds so far in 2021,.

The close to $3.3 billion of new cat bonds issued came from 9 144A cat bonds with a US peril focus as you’d expect at this time of year, as well as 1 private cat bond deal, according to the Artemis Deal Directory.

That eclipsed April’s almost $2.5 billion of issuance and March’s $2.9 billion of issuance (both including some mortgage ILS issuance) and this run of strong issuance months has made for steadily rising secondary cat bond trading as well.

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参数化主权巨灾债券是“一带一路”的保险方式

通过与“一带一路”倡议相关的项目获得中国投资的中亚和东欧国家,应使用参数化主权巨灾债券来确保自身免受自然灾害的风险。

这是保险连结证券(ILS)和主权风险转移专家基里尔·萨符拉索夫(Kirill Savrassov)的观点。

萨夫拉索夫指出:《中国的“一带一路”倡议对中亚和东欧的全面保护方案提出了更高的要求》。

《中国将数百亿美元投入了该地区的基础设施建设,但实际上,其中连一个项目也没适当地投保物理伤害的险,尽管该地区面临着地震和其他自然灾害的高风险》。

在乌兹别克斯坦,哈萨克斯坦或塔吉克斯坦等国家,问题不是地震是否要发生,而是何时要发生,并且其毁灭力量多大。

自然灾害会破坏中国通过“一带一路”倡议帮助该地区发展的许多基础设施项目。如果建造后这种项目因地震而摧毁,那么东道国仍将欠缴中国的贷款,但是不会从基础设施投资中获取收益。

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Collateralized reinsurance renewals firmer than cat bonds or ILW’s

While the catastrophe bond market has been first to experience investor-demand and capacity driven softening, as spreads have increasingly tightened on primary issues over recent months, this isn’t yet reading across to the entire collateralized reinsurance market at the mid-year renewal season, we’re told.

2021 has seen a significant upwell in demand from investors for new catastrophe bond investments, which has driven strong execution and keen pricing to the benefit of sponsors, but resulted in year-on-year softening in that market.

As we’ve been explaining over recent weeks, spread tightening in the catastrophe bond issuance market has now driven multiples to levels last seen in 2019.

This softening of cat bond rates has also spilled over into the industry-loss warranty (ILW) market as well.

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Bill reintroduced calling for more NFIP flood reinsurance & cat bonds

A bill has been reintroduced to the United States Congress that again calls on lawmakers to codify that Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as the administrator of the U.S. National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), sets a PML target each year and buys reinsurance and capital market risk transfer solutions accordingly.

The Taxpayer Exposure Mitigation Act is one of four bills reintroduced by Congressman Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer of Missouri and focuses solely on mandating use of risk capital to support the NFIP’s financing needs, de-risk it and enable it to pay its claims.

Efforts to enshrine in law a requirement for the NFIP to be de-risked with the help of the private reinsurance and capital markets have been underway some years, but so far these efforts have failed to gain the necessary support, or have been sidelined as other legislative issues took precedence.

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Catastrophe bond & related ILS set for record $10bn+ H1 in 2021

Issuance of new catastrophe bonds and other related insurance-linked securities (ILS) we track here at Artemis is now set to break new ground for the first-half of 2021, with more than $10 billion of issuance now anticipated, according to our latest data on the market.

The total issuance we’ve tracked so far this year that has already completed and settled, across property catastrophe bonds, other line-of-business cat bonds, private cat bonds and also mortgage insurance-linked securities (ILS), has already reached more than $9 billion.

Almost $5.6 billion of the total issued so far and tracked by us at Artemis represents pure Rule 144A property catastrophe bonds.

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TWIA to double Alamo Re 2021 cat bond to $500m

The Texas Windstorm Insurance Association (TWIA) is now expected to double in size its new Alamo Re Ltd. (Series 2021-1) catastrophe bond transaction, which will now more than replace a soon to mature $400 million cat bond from 2018.

As we were first to report this week, TWIA’s staff said at a meeting on Wednesday that the new cat bond could be upsized, depending on the investor reception to the deal and resulting market pricing.

TWIA returned to the catastrophe bond market for this new Alamo Re 2021 catastrophe bond just over one week ago, at which time it was seeking just $250 million of reinsurance with the issuance.

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Industry-loss warranty (ILW) market softens YoY as capacity rises

Following conversations with a number of market sources, it seems that the market for industry-loss warranty (ILW) protection has softened year-on-year, following on the heels of the catastrophe bond market as capacity turns its attention to ILW’s in the run up to the renewals.

Just the other day we explained that indicative pricing for industry-loss warranties (ILW’s) has jumped higher year-on-year, but it turns out this is just broker pricing sheets catching up to more realistic pricing levels after many had been indicating rates that were far too low a year ago.

That caused a number of contacts in the ILW capacity providing and broking market to reach out, to provide some colour on where pricing actually sits in 2021.

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Credit Suisse: Cushioning the impact of climate change with cat bonds.

More powerful hurricanes and increasing numbers of earthquakes – climate change is real. What does climate change mean for the alignment of investment portfolios? Investments in cat bonds offer institutional investors interesting opportunities to help shape the future.

Climate change is jeopardizing the creditworthiness of government bonds

“Over the past three decades, there has not been a single year when the average temperature in Switzerland was less than the average,” says Prof. David N. Bresch, Professor for Weather and Climate Risks at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, at Credit Suisse’s EAM thought leadership event. He is drawing attention here to ongoing climate change and the fact that the greenhouse effect needs to be limited to a considerable extent if the goal of the Paris Agreement on climate change to restrict global warming to well below two degrees by 2050 is to be achieved.

Because every degree of temperature rise leads to a 7% increase in humidity. As a result, there is a greater probability of tropical cyclones and hurricanes. An increased probability of natural disasters can in turn impact the creditworthiness of government bonds if national budgets face the additional burden of major loss events. “Countries in exposed regions must practice good risk management in order to secure their creditworthiness in the long term,” says Prof. Bresch.

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