China’s Belt and Road Initiative could kick-start ILS in Asia

ORIGINAL PUBLICATION HERE. INTELLIGENT INSURER OWN WEBSITE PUBLICATION HERE

The countries of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) are largely unsupported by insurance and would benefit from the introduction of insurance-linked securities (ILS) into the region, according to Kirill Savrassov, chief executive of Phoenix CRetro.

Speaking in an Intelligent Insurer Re/insurance Lounge webinar titled “New domiciles, new risks, new structures: another evolution for ILS”, which took place ahead of SIRC 2020 Re-Mind, Savrassov highlighted how a cat event in one of those countries could cause wider repercussions for the delivery of the BRI.

“Those countries are receiving billions and billions of investment into their transport and critical infrastructure but remain uninsured and uncovered for large natural disasters,” he said.

ILS increasingly attractive in the face of COVID-19

ORIGINAL PUBLICATION HERE. INTELLIGENT INSURER OWN WEBSITE PUBLICATION HERE

As an asset class that is uncorrelated with financial markets, provides environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) advantages and offers good returns in the current low interest environment, insurance-linked securities (ILS) are becoming increasingly attractive, Kirill Savrassov, an ILS and sovereign risk transfer specialist, told Baden-Baden Today.

ILS activity is gaining momentum because COVID-19 has highlighted the benefits of investing in an asset class that is uncorrelated with financial markets, said Savrassov.

“Another important point is that uncorrelation, together with current price increases in the reinsurance market, is making this asset class not only attractive but also reasonably priced, with good returns,” he said.

Parametric sovereign cat bonds: the way to insure the Belt and Road

ORIGINAL PUBLICATION HERE. PDF VERSION HERE. CHINESE 中文 TRANSLATION HERE .

Countries in Central Asia and Eastern Europe that have been recipients of Chinese investment via projects associated with its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) should use parametric sovereign cat bonds to insure themselves against the risk of natural disasters.

That is the view of Kirill Savrassov, an insurance-linked securities (ILS) and sovereign risk transfer specialist.

“China’s Belt and Road Initiative has created an even greater need for comprehensive protection solutions in Central Asia and Eastern Europe,” said Savrassov.

“China has spent tens of billions of dollars in infrastructure across the region but practically none of it is properly insured against physical damage, despite the region being at high risk from earthquakes and other natural disasters.

“In countries such as Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan or Tajikistan it is not a question of if an earthquake will hit, but when and how devastating it will be.”

Sovereign Parametric Catastrophe Bonds as means to address the protection gap in emerging countries

As mentioned by AON in their Weather, Climate & Catastrophe Insight: 2019  Annual Report, last year brought $232 billion of economic losses from natural disasters whereby only $71 billion was actually insured. It outlined that the world continue to face a fundamental issue of insurance gap, especially in emerging and developing countries, where losses for businesses and governments are only increasing following a decade-long rise in natural catastrophes linked to the climate change.

Protection gaps exist in both emerging and developed markets. However, with estimated by Swiss Re 35% level of catastrophe risk coverage in advanced economies versus 6% in emerging economies, the issue is far more important for the developing world, where the cost of disasters is not just measured in the deaths and injuries that they cause, but also in their long lasting economic impact on survivors and countries. Natural disasters there do not just destroy homes, factories, shops and fields; they can altogether annihilate years of economic growth, which is essential for the low and mid-income countries.

一带一路国家与保险连接证券

阅读英文原件。 PDF版本在这里

Phoenix CRetro保险证券公司总裁吉里尔·萨符拉索夫Kirill Savrassov)指出,由于巨大的投资在整个欧亚区域注入一带一路倡议,引入巨灾债券可以帮助政府负债表免除风险,并加强宏观经济稳定性,同时也提供迅速的资金恢复途径。

我在写这篇文章的那一天,5.8级地震震动了伊斯坦布尔,造成了居民恐慌,学校和公务单位的撤离。其也在土耳其人口最大的城市里导致了清真寺的尖塔倒塌。

土耳其地震同一周之内,在东北巴基斯坦也发生了5.8级地震现象,造成38人死亡及700多人受伤。其也对这个巴基斯坦区域内的基础设施和路途造成了广泛的损害。

1999年,在土耳其西部发生的7.4级地震造成了17,000多人死亡。除了威胁伊斯坦布尔这个城市,最新的颤动强烈提醒我们,土耳其作为欧亚大陆的一部分一直面临着各种自然灾害和地震的威胁。

Belt & Road countries and Insurance Linked Securities

ORIGINAL PUBLICATION HERE

Phoenix CRetro Reinsurance Company chief executive Kirill K Savrassov says as huge investments are being poured into the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) across Asia and Europe, introduction of catastrophe bonds can take the risk off the government balance sheets and reinforce macro-economic stability while providing access to rapid recovery funding.

The day I was writing this article, an earthquake measuring 5.8 magnitude shook Istanbul, causing panic amongst residents, evacuation of schools and public offices. It also led to the collapse of the minaret of a mosque in Turkey’s most populous city with more than 15m residents.

The Turkish quake happened during the same week in which another 5.8 magnitude quake event in north-eastern Pakistan killed 38 people and injured more than 700. It also caused extensive damage to infrastructure and roads in that region of Pakistan.

Belt and Road’s opportunities

ORIGINAL PUBLICATION HERE

As investments into China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) increase, Kirill Savrassov, CEO of Phoenix CRetro Reinsurance Company, told Baden-Baden Today that it represents big opportunities and challenges for the reinsurance industry, especially from a cat perspective.

He said the project, led by China and sometimes described as a multibillion dollar rebirth of the Silk Road, offers a key opportunity in exponential demand in additional cat capacity from local BRI transit markets.

However, he flagged potential challenges, saying: “I would note state ownership of critical infrastructure, low insurance penetration—below 2 or even 1.5 percent— with general underdevelopment of local markets in BRI transit countries, and existing and potential protectionism in re/insurance.”

Protecting the Belt & Road

ORIGINAL PUBLICATION HERE. PDF VERSION HERE

China’s Belt and Road Initiative, the economic project which aims to recreate the ancient Silk Road that linked Europe to Asia, needs protecting. ILS could provide the perfect solution, as Kirill K. Savrassov, chief executive of Phoenix CRetro Reinsurance Company, tells Bermuda:Re+ILS.

In September a 5.8 magnitude earthquake shook Istanbul, triggering the evacuation of schools and public buildings and damaging buildings. The same week, a 5.8 magnitude event killed 38 people and caused massive damage to infrastructure and roads in north-eastern Pakistan.

For Turkey it represented a stark reminder of how bad these events can be. In 1999, a 7.4 magnitude earthquake in the western part of the country killed more than 17,000 people.

ILS potential within Belt and Road Initiative

With its cost estimated to run into trillions of dollars and main developments spread over 70 countries in three continents, it is natural for China’s belt and road initiative to be in the spotlight of all participating countries and business sectors. As there are massive infrastructure investments in both China and many more nations including its neighboring countries, the (re)insurance industry, together with insurance-linked securities (ILS) community will have its own multi-task opportunities and challenges with regards to the BRI projects. Parametric reinsurance and particularly ILS risk transfer instruments are exact solutions for such issues at the sovereign or provincial government levels.

Multi-cat bonds can meet ECIS demand

ORIGINAL PUBLICATION HERE

Multi-cat bonds or other ILS solutions are the only viable solution for coping with natural disasters in the Eastern European and Commonwealth of Independent States region, and Bermuda could have a big role to 
play in making this happen, says Kirill Savrassov, chief executive of Bermuda-based Phoenix CRetro Reinsurance.

The human cost of natural disasters is measured not just in the deaths and injuries they cause, but also in terms of their lasting economic impact on survivors and countries. Natural disasters don’t just destroy homes and fields; they can altogether annihilate years of economic growth.